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Biological Activities and Extraction Technologies of Pheonix dactylifera: A Review

[ Vol. 9 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Nurfatin Nazirah Hamzah, Sahena Ferdosh*, Md. Zaidul Islam Sarker, Kashif Ghafoor, Kamaruzzaman Yunus, Ahmed Jalal Khan Chowdhury and Nurul Ashikin Abdul Bari   Pages 3 - 13 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Date palm (Pheonix dactylifera L.) has long been known for its medical benefits. In this review, the therapeutic properties of P. dactylifera are presented in light of the analysis of huge past reviews that reported the bioactivities of both flesh and seed of this fruit. The reported bioactivities of P. dactylifera included antioxidants, anti-cancer, aphrodisiac, antimicrobial, and anti-diabetic properties. This review additionally highlights the extraction technologies (Soxhlet, maceration, heat under reflux, Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE) and microwave assisted extraction) that were utilized as part of the extraction of P. dactylifera. This is because the quality and amount of the extraction yield depend on the extraction technology used. Accordingly, this review aims for underlining the potentials of P. dactylifera by compiling available data on the bioactivities and extraction technologies used to set the directions for the improvement of future research of this fruit.

Keywords:

Pheonix dactylifera L., bioactivity, antioxidants, anti-cancer, aphrodisiac, antimicrobial, anti-diabetic, extraction technologies, supercritical fluid extraction.

Affiliation:

Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan, Pahang, Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan, Pahang, Faculty of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Department of Food and Nutrition Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Faculty of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan, Pahang, Faculty of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan, Pahang, Department of Plant Science, Faculty of Science, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan, Pahang

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