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An Overview of Paris polyphylla, a Highly Vulnerable Medicinal Herb of Eastern Himalayan Region for Sustainable Exploitation


Arcadius Puwein* and Shiny C.Thomas   Pages 1 - 12 ( 12 )


Paris polyphylla is a member of the family of Melanthiaceae (earlier Trilliaceae or Liliaceae). It is known as “Love Apple” in English. This erect and herbaceous plant is found mostly in South East Asia and was documented for the first time in 1985 in the Chinese pharmacopeia. It is a traditional medicinal herb known to have many medicinal properties like anticancer, antimicrobial, anti-tumor, cytotoxicity etc. The objective of this paper is to highlight the major research works on this miraculous herb and include updated information on its developments that have been rapidly taking place in recent years. There have been new approaches in an effort to classify the plant using high-throughput RNA-Seq technologies, mass propagation and conservation through tissue culture, understanding the mechanism of the action of steroidal saponins as a major anticancer activity, and new bioactive compounds have been added in phytochemistry. The current article attempts to enumerate an extensive overview of P. polyphylla on classification, morphological characteristics, habitat, reproductive phenology, traditional uses, distribution and availability, propagation, phytochemistry, biological activities, molecular analyses, and conservation.


Paris polyphylla, herb, steroidal saponins, rhizomes, bioactive compounds, biological activities.


Department of Biotechnology, Assam Don Bosco University, Assam Don Bosco University, Biochemistry

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