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Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Genus Bombax


Deepshikha Rathore, Geetanjali and Ram Singh*   Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )


Background: The history of traditional systems of medicine goes parallel with the history of human beings. Even today people have faith in traditional systems of medicine based on medicinal plants to meet primary health care needs. Hence, the scientific evaluation and documentation of extracts and active ingredients of medicinal plants always play a supportive role in their medicinal applications. Objective: This review aims to present the phytochemicals isolated from the genus Bombax and their pharmacological applications. Method: The literature from research and review papers was analyzed and the information was compiled to present the pharmacological applications of various secondary metabolites from genus Bombax. Result: The genus Bombax belongs to the family Malvaceae and known for its therapeutic applications. The crude, semi-purified and purified extracts of different parts of this plant have shown potential therapeutic applications. A total of 96 articles including research and review papers were referred for the compilation of isolated phytochemicals and their chemical structures. Conclusion: We systematically summarized 176 isolated compounds from the genus Bombax. The findings show that this plant shows potential towards pharmacological activities. The activities were found more from extracts than the single isolated compounds.


Bombax, Bombax ceiba, simbal, simul, ethnobotanical uses, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities


Delhi Technological University, Applied Chemistry, Kirori Mal College, University of Delhi, Chemistry, Delhi Technological University, Applied Chemistry

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