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Bamboo a Supplement to Human Health: A Comprehensive Review on its Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacological Activity

[ Vol. 11 , Issue. 2 ]


Mansi Patel and Priti Mehta*   Pages 140 - 168 ( 29 )


Bamboo species belonging to the Poaceae family, Poaceae has overall about 1,500 species, and 87 genera worldwide, randomly distributed between humid tropical, sub-tropical and mildmoderate regions across the globe. The plant has superior value in traditional indigenous systems of China, Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani for its enormous medicinal and nutritional purposes since 2500 years. It was the apparent beginning of bamboo used as a medication, which was trailed by a series of modern research and consequently formed a core scientific ingredient in a research laboratory.

The current review is a critical study for the evaluation of state-of-the-art concerning phytochemistry, pharmacology and traditional uses of bamboo species of different genera, which put forward systemic research stratagems and to streamline the therapeutic exploration for the management of human ailments.

The present review documents systemic overview of the scientific reports relating to the different bamboo species from older text, ancient literature available in the last five to six decades, e-books and various online databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, Scopus, Google Scholar, Springer, Francis &Taylor, SciFinder, etc.). Additional information was acquired from conference proceedings, botanical books, and dissertations for this work.

Bamboo species belonging to six different genera were explored for its medicinal and ethnomedicinal uses for treatment of inflammatory disorders, ulcers, diabetes, solid tumour, blood purifier, menstrual disorders, and infertility to name a few. The therapeutic potentials, along with their mechanism of action, are concisely deliberated and recapitulated in this review. Bamboo is rich in its nutritive value and has been explored as food and fodder. Studies related to the biological activity of bamboo species revealed that they possess twenty-one promising activities such as anticancer, antidiabetic, cardioprotective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective, and antibacterial. Eighty-two phytochemical studies have been summarized in this review which is majorly due to the presence of secondary active metabolites such as phenolics, flavonoids, terpenoids, steroid glycosides and coumarins along with minor constituents like polysaccharides, ketones, tannins, lignans, vitamins, amino acids, minerals, and essential oils. A critical assessment of the compiled scientific literature indicates serious efforts for systemic evaluation of the traditional claims and to identify, isolate and evaluate the phytoconstituents for nutritional and therapeutic potentials. Although the plant has immense potential in the health care system, still there is abundant need and avenues for commercialisation and awareness to society for the use of new health care products of bamboo.

The present review affirms that bamboo owing to its rich phytochemical spectrum is the epitome plant with a vast potential for the pharmaceutical, cosmeceutical, nutraceutical, and food industry.


Antioxidant, bamboo leaves, bamboo shoots, flavone c-glycosides, tabasheer, poaceae.


Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 382481, Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway, Ahmedabad, Gujarat 382481

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